If that book or journal article quotes another piece of work which you also want to quote, you need to cite the information as a secondary citation. For example, you read a book by Sandvoss, in which he quotes Taylor "Ian Taylor's influential analysis in which he identifies hooliganism as a response to social control Sandvoss, C. A game of two halves: Football, television and globalization. London: Routledge.
Search this Guide Search. APA online tutorials Health Material. Thesis from an Institutional Repository Dykstra, L. In-text citation Bland, In-text citation J. In-text citation International Organization for Standardization, Things to remember Authors' names : Authors names should always be Surname, Initial. Multiple authors: The same rules apply as for books.
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In-text citation as cited in Sandvoss, , p. Report a problem.
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Subjects: Referencing. Get Started.
Reference List and References in Text
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APA Referencing Style Guide
Research Rangahau. A figure is anything that is not part of the text of your document and not a table. Graphs, photographs, illustrations and charts are all examples of figures. The APA manual provides formatting and referencing advice for using figures in works that are going to be published. We have adapted the manual's advice to provide simplified instructions for students who are writing assignments that are not going to be made public.
APA REFERENCE STYLE: Unpublished Sources
If you are writing a thesis, journal article, book or web page any work that will be make publicly available , follow the advice for Figures. If you are using a figure in an assignment or PowerPoint presentation that is only for use in class, and will not be made public, then use the advice for Images. Please note that Images and Figures are different names for the same things - we are only using the different terms to distinguish between whether or not your work is going to be published.
APA has specific rules for crediting images that are going to be published. If you are seeking advice for a thesis, paper or book that is to be published, see the section below on Figures. If the image is for use only in an assignment or a PowerPoint presentation, follow the advice in this section.
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If the image can be accessed separately, cite as an independent source. Otherwise, cite the source of the image i. Boy with a fish [Image]. Figure 1. Boy holding a trout "Boy With a Fish", n. For information regarding citing works of art, see the relevant section on the Other Sources page. How many authors? Remember, there are rules for how to set out a reference, depending on the number of authors. This information has been adapted to give advice for students who are not producing work that will be made public.
Kinsley, K. Graduate conversations: Assessing the space needs of graduate students. The URL used can be the one for the image or, if it is too unwieldy, the page the image is located on. Tawny frogmouth wholebody [Image]. If you are reproducing a figure created by someone else even if you have adapted it , and your paper is going to be made public e.